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“And recite the Qur'ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.” (Qur’aan [73]:4)

Introduction to Tajweed


Famous Scholars, Authors of Tajweed

Naafi's Famous Students:

Qaaloon: Abu Musa, ‘Isa Ibn Mina al-Zarqi, the slave of Bani Zuhrah (120-220 AH).

Warsh: ‘Uthman Ibn Sa‘id al-Qutbi, the Egyptian the slave of Quraysh (110-197 AH).


Ibn Kathir's Famous Students:

Al-Bazzee: Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdillah, Abu al-Hasan al-Bazzee, the Persian (170-250 AH).

(Student of al-Bazzi:) Qunbul: Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman, the Makhzumi (by loyalty), Abu ‘Amr the Meccan, known as Qunbul (195-291 AH).

Abu 'Amr's Famous Students:

Hafs al-Duri: Abu ‘Amr, Hafs Ibn ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Baghdadi, the grammarian, the blind. (-246 AH).

Al-Susi: Abu Shu‘ayb, Salih Ibn Ziyad Ibn ‘Abdillah Ibn Isma‘il Ibn al-Jarud ar-Riqqi. (-261 AH).

Ibn 'Amir's Famous Students:

Hisham: Abu al-Walid, Hisham ibn ‘Ammar Ibn Nusayr Ibn Maysarah al-Salami al-Dimashqi (153-245 AH).

Ibn Dhakwan: Abu ‘Amr, ‘Abdullah Ibn Ahmad al-Qurayshi al-Dimashqi. (173-242 AH).

'Aasim's Famous Students:

Shu‘bah: Abu Bakr, Shu‘bah Ibn ‘Ayyash Ibn Salim al-Kufi (i.e., the Kufan) an-Nahshali (by loyalty) (95-193 AH).

Hafs: Abu ‘Amr, Hafs Ibn Sulayman Ibn al-Mughirah Ibn Abi Dawud al-Asadi al-Kufi (the Kufan). (90-180 AH).

  • Hamzah, the Kufan: Abu ‘Imarah, Hamzah Ibn Habib al-Zayyat al-Taymi by loyalty (80-156 AH).

Hamzah's Famous Students:

Khalaf: Abu Muhammad al-Asadi al-Bazzar al-Baghdadi (150-229 AH).

Khallad: Abu ‘Isa, Khallad Ibn Khalid al-Baghdadi (- 220 AH).

Al-Kisaa'i's Famous Students:

Al-Layth: Abu al-Harith, al-Layth Ibn Khalid al-Baghdadi (- 240 AH).

Al-Duri: Hafs the transmitter of Abu ‘Amr (see above).


  • Abu Jafar: Yazid Ibn al-Qa‘qa‘ al-Makhzumi al-Madani (of Medinah) (- 130 AH).

Abu Ja'far's Famous Students:

‘Isa Ibn Wirdan: Abu al-Harith al-Madani (of Medinah by style)  (- 160 AH)

Ibn Jummaz: Abu ar-Rabi‘, Sulayman Ibn Muslim Ibn Jummaz al-Madani (of Medinah) (- 170 AH)

  • Yaqub: Abu Muhammad, Ya‘qub Ibn Ishaq Ibn Zayd Ibn ‘Abdillah Ibn Abi Ishaq al-Hadrami, the Basran, the slave of the Hadramis (117 - 205 AH)
Ya'qoob's Famous Students:

Ruways: Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad Ibn al-Mutawakkil, the Basran (- 238 AH).
Rawh: Abu al-Hasan, Rawh Ibn ‘Abd al-Mu'min, the Basran, the Hudhali by loyalty (- 234 AH).

Khalaf's Famous Students:

Ishaq: Abu Ya‘qub, Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim Ibn ‘Uthman al-Maruzi al-Baghdadi (- 286 AH).

Idris: Abu al-Hasan, Idris Ibn ‘Abd al-Karim al-Haddad al-Baghdadi (189 - 292 AH).

(The last three recitations were added by Imaam ibn Al Jazariin his Tayyibatun-Nashr. Imaam al Jazri was famous for his reports and transmissions.

Imaam Ash-Shaatibee mentions 7 of these reciters in his Shaatibiyyah.

It is amazing to note that most of the reciters were either from the Mawaali (emancipated slaves) or non-Arabs! From among the Qurraa’ there were very few Arabs, like A’bdullah ibn A’aamir Ash-Shaami, Al Yahsubi. Imaam Ash-Shaatibi mentions this.)

  • Imaam ibn Al Jazari Imaam al-Jazari’s father was a taajir (a businessman) and Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aalaa) had not granted him any children for a period of 40 years. So his father decided to go and perform al-Hajj, where he went and drank from the water of Zam-Zam and made du’aa to Allah to give him a child who would become an ‘Aalim. And so Allaah accepted this du’aa and granted him with a son, who became the great Imaam ibn al-Jazari.
  • Umm Al-Sa'ad Al Askandariyyah A great teacher who knew the ten recitations by heart.
    Kareema Carol Czerepinski The author of one of the most famous books on tajweed in the English language.

Videos/ Audios


Useful Web Sites/ Links

  • Given that there are approximately 20 million Muslims in the English speaking world, this is a useful resource to bring this sacred knowledge to those who cannot find access to sheikhs.The podcasts are a series of short, engaging lectures, going through the rules of Arabic alphabet, makharij (articulation points), sifaat (qualities of letters), waqf (rule stopping and pausing)and rasm (Orthography relating to recitation of certain words).(Click here to find out about the teacher)
  • This site explains some of the principles of tajweed and focuses on the problems that non-Arabs have in reciting the Qur'an properly.  Tajweed tidbit lessons will be given in different aspects of tajweed, and questions submitted will be reviewed, answered, and posted.
  • This website covers all main areas of Tajweed, each one packed with definition, explanations, examples from the Qur'an, further audio explanations and practical exercises. And all pages are printable allowing you to study away from the computer or with a friend. This course has been divided into sections helping you to digest the information easily.
  • Qur'aan Flash: A simple microsite displaying the Holy Quran (Medina layout), in a very interactive way.
  • The Qiraa'aat Identified In The Qura'nic Manuscripts. This is an excellent resource for anyone interested in how the different recitations were identified in the old manuscripts. There are pictures of some of the oldest manuscripts in the world.
  • Versions of the Qur'aan? This link explains the difference between "Ahruf" and "Qiraa'aat" and how the Christian Missionaries are confused and ignorant.


Recommended Books

  • A Course in ‘Ilm Al-Tajwid Although the rules aren't explained very clearly, this book contains extensive practice texts from the Qur'aan for each tajweed rule. The accompanying two CDs are an excellent tool in strengthening ones recitation correctly, as a proficient recitor recites the practice texts. It is highly recommended to find a proficient teacher to teach this book.
  • Tajweed Rules of the Qur'aan are a set of three books for students of medium to advanced level in tajweed. It is a must that one studies these books with a competent teacher.
  • The following book is highly recommended for U'loom al Qur'aan by Yasir Qadhi Click Here.


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