“And recite the Qur'ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.” (Qur’aan :4)
Introduction to Tajweed
- Excellent PDF on the importance of Tajweed by Kareema Carol Czerepinski
- The Best Speech Deserves The Best Recitation
- The Importance of Tajweed by Fatima Barakatullah
- Basic Introduction to the 10 Recitations and 7 Ahruf
- The Seven Qiraa'aat (Recitations) of the Qur'aan by Aisha Bewley
- Ten different styles of Surah Al-Ikhlaas (video) Recited by Mishary Rashid. Mishary Rashid recites Surah Ikhlaas in 10 different schools of recitation. Maasha'Allah it's beautiful.
- The Ten Qiraa'aat (Recitations)
- The Revelation of the Qur’aan in Seven Styles (ahruf, sing. harf)
- ‘Uthmaan’s compilation of the Mushaf in one style (harf) by Shaykh Ibn Baaz
Famous Scholars, Authors of Tajweed
- Nafi‘ al-Madani (of Madinah): Ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman Ibn Abi Na‘im, Abu Ruwaym al-Laythi, his origin is from Isfahan (70-169 AH).
- Ibn Kathir, the Meccan: ‘Abdullah, Abu Ma‘bad al-‘Attar al-Dari, the Persian (45-120AH).
(Student of al-Bazzi:) Qunbul: Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman, the Makhzumi (by loyalty), Abu ‘Amr the Meccan, known as Qunbul (195-291 AH).
- Abu ‘Amr Ibn al-‘Ala': Zuban Ibn al-‘Ala' at-Tamimi al-Mazini, the Basran (68-154 AH).
Abu 'Amr's Famous Students:
Hafs al-Duri: Abu ‘Amr, Hafs Ibn ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Baghdadi, the grammarian, the blind. (-246 AH).
Al-Susi: Abu Shu‘ayb, Salih Ibn Ziyad Ibn ‘Abdillah Ibn Isma‘il Ibn al-Jarud ar-Riqqi. (-261 AH).
Ibn Dhakwan: Abu ‘Amr, ‘Abdullah Ibn Ahmad al-Qurayshi al-Dimashqi. (173-242 AH).
- ‘Aasim, the Kufan: Abu Bakr, ‘Aasim Ibn Abi al-Najud al-'Asadi (by loyalty) (-127 AH).
'Aasim's Famous Students:
Shu‘bah: Abu Bakr, Shu‘bah Ibn ‘Ayyash Ibn Salim al-Kufi (i.e., the Kufan) an-Nahshali (by loyalty) (95-193 AH).
Hafs: Abu ‘Amr, Hafs Ibn Sulayman Ibn al-Mughirah Ibn Abi Dawud al-Asadi al-Kufi (the Kufan). (90-180 AH).
- Hamzah, the Kufan: Abu ‘Imarah, Hamzah Ibn Habib al-Zayyat al-Taymi by loyalty (80-156 AH).
- Al-Kisa'i, the Kufan: Abu al-Hasan, ‘Ali Ibn Hamzah, the Persian, Asadi by loyalty (119 - 189 AH)
Al-Kisaa'i's Famous Students:
Al-Layth: Abu al-Harith, al-Layth Ibn Khalid al-Baghdadi (- 240 AH).
Al-Duri: Hafs the transmitter of Abu ‘Amr (see above).
Abu Ja'far's Famous Students:
‘Isa Ibn Wirdan: Abu al-Harith al-Madani (of Medinah by style) (- 160 AH)
Ibn Jummaz: Abu ar-Rabi‘, Sulayman Ibn Muslim Ibn Jummaz al-Madani (of Medinah) (- 170 AH)
- Ya‘qub: Abu Muhammad, Ya‘qub Ibn Ishaq Ibn Zayd Ibn ‘Abdillah Ibn Abi Ishaq al-Hadrami, the Basran, the slave of the Hadramis (117 - 205 AH)
- Khalaf the 10th: The transmitter of Hamzah.
Khalaf's Famous Students:
Ishaq: Abu Ya‘qub, Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim Ibn ‘Uthman al-Maruzi al-Baghdadi (- 286 AH).
Idris: Abu al-Hasan, Idris Ibn ‘Abd al-Karim al-Haddad al-Baghdadi (189 - 292 AH).
(The last three recitations were added by Imaam ibn Al Jazariin his Tayyibatun-Nashr. Imaam al Jazri was famous for his reports and transmissions.
Imaam Ash-Shaatibee mentions 7 of these reciters in his Shaatibiyyah.
It is amazing to note that most of the reciters were either from the Mawaali (emancipated slaves) or non-Arabs! From among the Qurraa’ there were very few Arabs, like A’bdullah ibn A’aamir Ash-Shaami, Al Yahsubi. Imaam Ash-Shaatibi mentions this.)
- Imaam ibn Al Jazari Imaam al-Jazari’s father was a taajir (a businessman) and Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aalaa) had not granted him any children for a period of 40 years. So his father decided to go and perform al-Hajj, where he went and drank from the water of Zam-Zam and made du’aa to Allah to give him a child who would become an ‘Aalim. And so Allaah accepted this du’aa and granted him with a son, who became the great Imaam ibn al-Jazari.
- Umm Al-Sa'ad Al Askandariyyah A great teacher who knew the ten recitations by heart.
Kareema Carol Czerepinski The author of one of the most famous books on tajweed in the English language.
Videos on Makhaarij By Shaykh Khaled Bouchafaa
MP3 audio explaining the rules of Tajweed By Shaykh Khaled Bouchafaa
Useful Web Sites/ Links
- Tajweedinenglish.com Given that there are approximately 20 million Muslims in the English speaking world, this is a useful resource to bring this sacred knowledge to those who cannot find access to sheikhs.The podcasts are a series of short, engaging lectures, going through the rules of Arabic alphabet, makharij (articulation points), sifaat (qualities of letters), waqf (rule stopping and pausing)and rasm (Orthography relating to recitation of certain words).(Click here to find out about the teacher)
- Abouttajweed.com This site explains some of the principles of tajweed and focuses on the problems that non-Arabs have in reciting the Qur'an properly. Tajweed tidbit lessons will be given in different aspects of tajweed, and questions submitted will be reviewed, answered, and posted.
- Readwithtajweed.com This website covers all main areas of Tajweed, each one packed with definition, explanations, examples from the Qur'an, further audio explanations and practical exercises. And all pages are printable allowing you to study away from the computer or with a friend. This course has been divided into sections helping you to digest the information easily.
- Qur'aan Flash: A simple microsite displaying the Holy Quran (Medina layout), in a very interactive way.
- The Qiraa'aat Identified In The Qura'nic Manuscripts. This is an excellent resource for anyone interested in how the different recitations were identified in the old manuscripts. There are pictures of some of the oldest manuscripts in the world.
- Versions of the Qur'aan? This link explains the difference between "Ahruf" and "Qiraa'aat" and how the Christian Missionaries are confused and ignorant.
- A Course in ‘Ilm Al-Tajwid Although the rules aren't explained very clearly, this book contains extensive practice texts from the Qur'aan for each tajweed rule. The accompanying two CDs are an excellent tool in strengthening ones recitation correctly, as a proficient recitor recites the practice texts. It is highly recommended to find a proficient teacher to teach this book.
- Tajweed Rules of the Qur'aan are a set of three books for students of medium to advanced level in tajweed. It is a must that one studies these books with a competent teacher.
- The following book is highly recommended for U'loom al Qur'aan by Yasir Qadhi Click Here.